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Great Astronomers: Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton (1642–1726) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian who has been considered by many to be the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived. His monograph Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, laid the foundations for most of classical mechanics. In this work, Newton described universal […]


Genre: Biography & autobiography, Non-Fiction, Science & Technology

Great Astronomers: William Herschel

Sir Frederick William Herschel, (Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel) (1738–1822) was a German-born British astronomer, telescope maker, and composer. He became famous for the first discovery of a planet not visible to the naked eye, the planet Uranus, and two of its major moons (Titania and Oberon), and two moons of Saturn. He was the first person […]


Genre: Biography & autobiography, Non-Fiction, Science & Technology

Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions

Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions is an 1884 science fiction novella by the English schoolmaster Edwin Abbott Abbott. As a satire, Flatland offered pointed observations on the social hierarchy of Victorian culture. However, the novella’s more enduring contribution is its examination of dimensions; in a foreword to one of the many publications of the […]


Genre: Fiction, Human Science, Humor, Non-Fiction, Philosophy & Psychology, Romance, Science & Technology

Great Astronomers: Edmond Halley

Edmond Halley,(1656–1742) was an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist who is best known for computing the orbit of the eponymous Halley’s Comet. He was the second Astronomer Royal in Britain, following in the footsteps of John Flamsteed. Halley became a close friend of Isaac Newton. He encouraged Newton to publish his discoveries, his […]


Genre: Biography & autobiography, Non-Fiction, Science & Technology

Great Astronomers: William Parsons (3rd Earl of Rosse)

William Parsons, the 3rd Earl of Rosse, (1800–1867) was an Anglo-Irish astronomer who made several large telescopes. His 72-inch telescope, the “Leviathan”, built in 1845, was the world’s largest telescope until the early 20th century. The 72-inch (1.8 m) telescope replaced a 36-inch (910 mm) telescope that he had built previously. He had to invent […]


Genre: Biography & autobiography, Non-Fiction, Science & Technology

Great Astronomers: Pierre-Simon Laplace

Pierre-Simon, Marquis de Laplace (1749-1827), was a French mathematician and astronomer, sometimes referred to as the French Newton. His work was pivotal to the mathematical development of astronomy, physics, and statistics. He possessed a phenomenal mathematical ability, superior to that of any of his contemporaries. Laplace summarized and extended the work of his predecessors in […]


Genre: Biography & autobiography, Non-Fiction, Science & Technology

Great Astronomers: William Rowan Hamilton

Sir William Rowan Hamilton (1805–1865) was an Irish physicist, astronomer, and mathematician who made important contributions to mechanics, optics, and algebra. As a teenager, he mastered parts of Newton’s Principia and studied Laplace’s celestial mechanics treatise. When barely 22, Hamilton became a professor of astronomy at University of Dublin, however he was more interested in […]


Genre: Biography & autobiography, Non-Fiction, Science & Technology

Great Astronomers: John Flamsteed

John Flamsteed (1646-1719) was an English astronomer, a contemporary of Isaac Newton, and the first Astronomer Royal in charge of the newly built observatory at Greenwich, England (1676). Although he made no great discoveries nor new astronomical theories, Flamsteed distinguished himself by his meticulous measurements of the positions of stars, as Tycho Brahe did with […]


Genre: Biography & autobiography, Non-Fiction, Science & Technology

Great Astronomers: Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism, which held that the Earth is not the center of the universe and that the Earth and planets revolve around […]


Genre: Biography & autobiography, Non-Fiction, Science & Technology